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What is CCTV?

When entering a business establishment, you may have noticed a few cameras angled directly at the entrance or near the cashier with visible signs showing that video recordings are made to monitor or protect them. These types of cameras are gaining domestic popularity as well.

Today, let us talk about CCTV, why you need it and what the law requires us to do if we install it.

CCTV Explained

CCTV means Closed Circuit Television. Many individuals and business owners use this technology for protection and security purposes. Some business owners use it to monitor their employees. Most of the time, CCTV is installed in homes and businesses so that the owner can have peace of mind.

CCTV is a way of monitoring an area using cameras. The cameras used in CCTV work by using a local chain of cables that transmit visual data. The visual data is not transmitted to any source outside the owner’s preference and that is why it is called a closed circuit.

There are two major types of CCTV cameras; analogue and digital. These types refer to the kind of signal that the cameras are transmitting.

Analogue CCTV cameras are the traditional type. Because it uses analogue signals, it has some notable limitations: it cannot transmit a high-definition visual data. On the bright side, they are cheaper and considered more secure than the other type of CCTV camera.

Unlike analogue CCTV, digital CCTV cameras offer more highlights and innovation. The cables and transmission procedures of the CCTV type are capable of sending a bigger amount of visual data, which enable users and owners to capture and record high-definition video and so much more.

Why do I need CCTV?

As we have mentioned earlier, protecting people and property is the most common reason why people want CCTV. It also allows you to monitor your property, making sure that no one is trespassing it or the people within your property are safe. In the event that something unfavourable happens, it can be recorded through the system and saved for later use: footage from CCTV cameras are frequently used to help to prosecute culprits. The government and various law enforcement bureaus support the use of CCTV cameras to safeguard people in public areas.

CCTV cameras are utilised to monitor employees in a business establishment or production. This is a great way of overseeing the effectiveness of work production. If any accident or unproductive methods are captured on camera, the users and owners can help identify the issue and address it as soon as they can. It is also a great way to protect companies from theft.

CCTV is also a great way to secure your home. You can keep an eye on your loved ones, pets and belongings even if you are not at home.

CCTV Features That You Should Take Into Consideration

Before deciding to purchase any camera, you should think about its main purpose.

Domestic Purposes

  • Keep an eye on your home whilst you are away.
  • Discouraging culprits from committing offences inside or outside your home
  • Remotely checking if packages, mail, or food was delivered
  • Keeping watch over your car if it is parked outside your home
  • Viewing the image of a caller before opening the door
  • Remotely checking if babysitters, cleaners, gardeners, or builders came in and left at the appropriate time
  • Gather visual evidence if any crime occurs

Business Purposes

  • Discouraging culprits from committing robbery or shoplifting by providing visual evidence for a prosecution
  • Ensuring a safe and secure working environment for your employees
  • Keeping an eye on warehouse dispatches and deliveries
  • Monitoring stock on your warehouse
  • Remotely viewing any activity in the parking area
  • Helping a storekeeper keep an eye on all areas of the store
  • Allowing access or entrance to the business property after viewing the person’s image
  • Monitoring daily routine in the business establishment
  • Monitoring employees if they are implementing health and safety practices

From there, decide which camera features you want. Take into consideration your budget as well. Weigh all possible advantages and disadvantages before making the final decision.

These are just some of the common features found in CCTV cameras:

  • 24/7 recording
  • Advanced encryption
  • Analytic alarms
  • Audio broadcasting
  • Audio recording
  • Camera point and tilt capability
  • High-definition resolution (up to 4K)
  • Long battery life
  • Motion detection
  • Night vision
  • People counter
  • Remote Viewing
  • Tamper detection
  • Weatherproof
  • Wide viewing angle
  • Wire-free
  • Zoom lens

CCTV and the Law

The government has published advice that will help you understand the things you need to do if you are thinking about installing, or have installed, a CCTV camera system.

  • You need to comply with the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) regulation about CCTV, which includes the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the Data Protection Act 2018 (DPA).
  • You must operate your CCTV system properly by respecting the privacy of other people.
  • You must store recorded information properly and safely.
  • Regular maintenance must be scheduled for your CCTV system.

The government has also published guidance about the installation of CCTV in your commercial property. You can use it to protect your property but you should also take into consideration the data protection law. Proper use of CCTV for business purposes include:

  • Putting up a sign that informs people that you have a CCTV and why it is being used
  • Providing images to any person you have recorded within 1 calendar month
  • Sharing images to the police or other authorities if it is being asked (you cannot charge a fee for providing these images)
  • Keeping images that are needed for your business
  • Paying a data protection fee

For more information, you can contact the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) or visit for guidance on how to use CCTV cameras and storing images, as well as downloading a checklist that will help you assess your CCTV system.

If you are looking to secure your home or business premises against unauthorised access, talk to the experts at FSR Security. They can offer tailored security systems at great prices if you’re in Swindon and the South West, so why don’t you give them a call?

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